NASA’s new mission PUNCH to study the sun. Primarily it will study space weather. It would be launched in 2022. NASA has already launched Parker Solar Probe mission in 2018 to study Sun. India would also launch Aditya L1.
What is Space Weather?
Radiation spread by solar layers of the sun in the whole solar system which is called space weather. Simply you can’t escape radiation of the sun. Every planet is affected by solar radiation in a little amount or a higher amount. Space weather affects Earth in many ways.
For example, It will affect our GPS system.
our communication towers are also affected if solar flares are high then it will damage the towers.
Solar Weather is having a very important role in our space missions because it can be considered as one of the major factors in spacecraft launch.
space weather is responsible for Some spacecraft failures
What is mission PUNCH
Mission The polarimeter to Unify the Corona and Heliosphere, or PUNCH, is under progress to study the sun’s outer atmosphere. Mainly PUNCH will track down the solar wind. PUNCH will be composed of suitcase-sized satellites, it will study the outer atmosphere of the sun, the corona, and the generation of the solar wild.
PUNCH will image in real-time and the structure of the solar atmosphere. This mission will show the effect of radiation of our star in space. Craig Deforest from the Southwest Research Institute in Boulder, Colorado will lead the mission. The maximum funds are $165 million.