Ravana, one of the key characters in the Hindu epic, Ramayana, is considered as the antagonist of the epic. But there are certain qualities of this marvellous character that seek the attention of readers, historians and scientists alike. His life creates an intrigue among scientists of the modern days as many think that he possessed powers or technology by which he could fly with his Vimana called Pushpaka Vimana. Pushpaka Vimana helped Ravana in aviation, and consequently in battles.

What technology helped build Pushpaka Vimana?

In Ramayana, there lie a lot of kings and characters who had with them numerous powerful weapons that can transcend our vivid imagination.

For instance, the main protagonist of this epic, Rama, used ‘astras‘ & ‘shastras‘ to fight against the evil in the war. Likewise, Hanuman, a devotee of Rama, could fly across oceans and lands showing us that aviation was a common thing back then. 

So, there was no exception for Ravana. He used to possess ‘astras’ too. There are descriptions in the ancient texts that Ravana owned 24 types of aircrafts of different sizes and shapes, and each of them had different capabilities. There are writing in scriptures that Ravaan had numerous airports in the island nation Sri Lanka. Ravana utilized those airports for various kinds of missions and war purposes. 

What is Pushpaka Vimana ?

A Vimana is a flying palace or chariot that one can find in mythological Hindu texts and scriptures. One of the best examples of a Vimana is the one owned by Lanka King Ravana, i.e., Pushpaka Vimana. 

Which element did Vimanas use for propulsion?

Another great finding from the ancient texts is that the vehicles or Vimanas used in the battles to shoot down other Vimanas used Mercury (Hg) as a part of propulsion. The most surprising fact is that NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) is using a spacecraft using solar energy to change mercury particles.The back of the craft discharges mercury particles to get the required thrust. So, it won’t be a mistake to say that NASA and ancient Vedics are on the same page. So, you can now imagine how developed and ahead-of-its-time Pushpaka Vimana was. 

Ravaan was a great scholar:

He wasn’t just a villain in an epic story, he was a great scholar, a dedicated devotee of Lord Shiva (one of the Gods within the Trimurti in Hinduism; Brahma, Vishnu and Maheswara) and possessed skills of Kshatriyas (a social order of Hindu society that represents warriorhood). The fact that he was a great scholar can be exported from the information that he had pioneered 64 types of knowledge skills of Kshatriyas and also the four Vedas. Raavan showed huge interest in ayurveda, astrology, political science etc. which throws light upon the great mind and vision of the Lanka king.

What does Ravaan’s ten heads symbolize?

Everyone knows that Ravaan had ten heads and twenty arms, but do you know what those heads symbolize?

Ravaan’s ten heads symbolize ten different feelings. They are:

i. Kama (Lust)

ii. Krodha (Anger)

iii. Moha (Delusion)

iv. Lobha (Greed)

v. Mada (Pride)

vi. Mata Syasya (Envy)

vii. Manas (Mind)

viii. Buddhi (Intellect)

ix. Chitta (Will)

x. Ahamkara (The Ego).

So, Ravana wasn’t just a typical antagonist, ancient scriptures and texts describe him as the first aviator in the history of mankind with the help of his Pushpaka Vimana.

Check more mythology-science articles here 

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