Nuclear Physics Quiz for Fun & Quiz Competition Practice

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#1. For Uranium nucleus, how does its mass vary with volume?

#2. During a beta decay,

#3. A radioactive element disintegrates for a time interval equal to its mean life. The fraction that has disintegrated is

#4. The energy of an atom or ion in the first excited state is -13.6 eV. It may be

#5. Atomic masses of two heavy atoms are A1¬ and A2 . Ratio of their respective nuclear densities will be

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Nuclear Physics Quiz Explanation is given below

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Nuclear Physics Quiz Answer

  1. m directly proportional to V
  2. a neutron in the nucleus decays emitting an electron
  3. 1- 1/e
  4. He+
  5. 1

Nuclear Physics Quiz Explaination

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1.Nuclear density is always constant, so d = constant, m/V = constant,

so,  m = V x constant

Hence m is directly proportional to V.

2. n0 decays into an electron that is present inside the nucleus. That electron is called negative beta particle. Positive beta particle is called positron which has the exact opposite charge of electron.

3.N = N0 e-t/y

 here y = disintegration constant

 according to question, t = y

so N = N0 e-1

     N = N0/e

 now no of particles decayed, N’ = N0 – N0/e

                                                           = N0 (1 – 1/e)

hence fraction disintegrated = 1 – 1/e

4. He+ has z=2,also the first excited state means n=2. so energy E= -13.6 z2/n2 eV

putting those values for helium we get , E= -13.6 eV

5. Nuclear density is same for all nuclei. So the ratio is one.

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  1. For Uranium nucleus, how does its mass vary with
    volume?
    a. m directly proportional to V ()
    b. m inversely proportional to V
    c. m directly proportional to the square root of V
    d. m directly proportional to the sqaure of V
  2. During a beta decay,
    a. an atomic electron is ejected
    b. an electron present inside the nucleus is ejected
    c. a part of the binding energy is converted into
    electron
    d. a neutron in the nucleus decays emitting an
    electron ()
  3. A radioactive element disintegrates for a time
    interval equal to its mean life. The fraction that has
    disintegrated is
    a. 1/e
    b. 1- 1/e ()
    c. 0.693/e
    d. 0.693(1- 1/e)
  4. The energy of an atom or ion in the first excited
    state is -13.6 eV. It may be
    a. He+()
    b. Li++
    c. hydrogen
    d. deuterium
  5. Atomic masses of two heavy atoms are A1 and A2
    .
    Ratio of their respective nuclear densities will be
    a. A1/A2
    b. (A1/A2)1/3
    c. 1()
    d. None of the above

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