Venus is the second planet in the solar system after Mercury. Venus is the closest to a twin of our planet. It has a lot of similarities to earth. But what are they? And if it’s similar to earth, is life possible on Venus? We’ll see that here in this article.
SIMILARITIES BETWEEN EARTH AND VENUS
As said earlier, Venus is the closest to a twin of Earth. Because it is almost similar in size to the earth. Its composition is also almost similar to that of earth. Both Earth and Venus have young surfaces. Like Earth, its neighbour also possesses a large number of volcanoes. However, the number of volcanoes on Venus is more than on any other planet in the entire solar system. Approximately, there are 1600 volcanoes on the surface of this planet. But scientists believe there are more than what meets the eye. In fact, most of these volcanoes are dormant. But some are still active. There are also dissimilarities between earth and venus. Both have very different atmospheres, surface temperature, rotation and the fact that Venus doesn’t have a moon.
THE POISONOUS ATMOSPHERE OF VENUS
This planet has a very poisonous atmosphere. Because it contains dangerous Sulphuric acid. The atmosphere is really hot as it’s made of carbon dioxide. Due to the abundant presence of carbon dioxide (a greenhouse gas), the surface of the planet gets really warm and hot. As a consequence, the temperature rises upto 870 degree Fahrenheit. This is one of the reasons life cannot be possible on this planet.
THE EXTREME AIR PRESSURE
The extremity of air pressure also makes it hard for habitation of living organisms. In fact, it is 90 times more than the pressure at sea level of the earth.
BRIGHTEST PLANET IN NIGHT SKY!
It is the brightest planet that we can observe in the night sky. However, the moon stands tall in the brightest object list. In that list, Venus comes second to the moon.
Its brightness has been a case of speculation and interest since the ancient times.
Brightest objects in the sky
PHASES OF VENUS
Like our moon, Venus has also got its phases. When the planet is situated between the earth and the sun, it has its new phase. Likewise, it’s in full phase when placed on the opposite side of the sun. Galileo Galilei was the first astronomer to have observed the phases of this bright planet at the end of the first decade of the 17th century.
HOW DID IT GET ITS NAME?
The ancient Romans did the nomenclature of this bright planet in a tribute to their Goddess of love and beauty. In literature too, the planet goes hand in hand with love, romance and femininity as symbolisms.
HOW DO WE SEE ITS SURFACE
Scientists seek the help of radar mapping to obtain the information of the surface of the planet. But they haven’t been able to know about the planet’s core. Whether its core is liquid or solid has been a matter of speculation.
Check out our series of articles on different planets here
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