Introduction to Artificial Intelligence and What is AI

Artificial intelligence is the study of how to make a system which can think, act, behave, learn, decide and work while trying to solve a problem like  a human being. Artificial intelligence was developed by John McCarthy who was also known as the father of AI, in the year of 1956. It is basically divided into three types 

  • Narrow or Weak AI
  • General or Strong AI 
  • Artificial super intelligence.

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What is Weak Artificial Intelligence?

 Weak AI is basically a limited part of mind or narrow type which is focused on a narrow task. 

Introduction to Artificial Intelligence

What is Strong Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial intelligence Robot
Social Robot named kismet. CC BY-SA 3.0,

Strong AI is much better than weak AI as it has the capacity to understand or learn any type of task like a human being.

What is Artificial Super Intelligence?

Artificial super intelligence is the high level intellectual AI which is the brightest and fastest as compared to narrow and strong AI.

Speech recognition, problem solving, learning and planning are the examples of AI. The biggest example of AI while an user using  Google chrome, YouTube , it automatically predicts what an user will type, ask or search, it will also show some recommendation below the search bar. There is an intelligent agent present which perceives its environment through sensors and act upon the environment through actuators. It is basically based on a PEAS representation which is performance measure, environment, actuators and sensors. Alexa and Siri widely popular all over the world are the examples of intelligent agent as they use sensors to perceives request made by an user and collect data from the internet without any help of user and also predict the weather, time etc. Simple reflex agent, goal based reflex agent, utility based agent and learning agent are the types of the intelligent agent.

Simple based reflex agent: -It acts only on the basis of current perception.

  • It ignores the rest of the percept history.
  • It is basically based on if-then rules.
  • Environment should be fully observable.

Model-based reflex agent:

  • It is partially observable environment.
  • It is basically store the percept history and it works on the basis of perception history and the current perception.

Goal-based reflex agent:

  • It is the expansion of model based reflex agent.
  • It is one of the example of supervised learning where both inputs and outputs are given. It is under the searching and planning technique.

Utility based reflex agent:

Utility based focus on the utility but not on goal.


 It deals whether the state is a happy state or unhappy state.

What Are The Advantages of Artificial Intelligence:

 The main advantages of using an artificial intelligence are:

  • It has low error rate as compared to humans and it has precision, accuracy and speed.
  • It takes less time, gives the solution of a task without of any risks.
  • It also predicts what a user will type, ask or search and it takes decision very fast.

What Are The Disadvantages of Artificial Intelligence?

  • It can cost a lot of money, time to build, repair, resources.
  • Using of artificial intelligence may lead severe unemployment as it performs tasks faster than the human being.

On the whole, it all depends on how we consume and how much we consume technology and make it a part of our daily lives. If we give it more power or control over our lives, it may create havoc or many problems for us as described in the disadvantages. Humans shouldn’t overuse it so much so that one day we would have to again go against it and destroy everything we created. AI must be properly used unless it won’t be good for mankind as nobody here on earth wants to be ruled by something that they once created.

Once There was news about AI and Sanskrit connection. Recently, Elon Musk announced First Brain-Machine Interphase

Author: Abhisek Sahoo.

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Bhautik Kapadiya

Bhautik kapadiya is Scientific Blogger, Scientific Influencer, Web developer, Aspiring Engineer, and Scientific Vlogger. He is Founder of He is Creator of Community of 300k+ Scientific Minds across the Social Media Platforms.